Website Design


2017 Topic: Chemistry of Sports Doping


As early as 776 BC, athletes used performance enhancing drugs during the Ancient Greek Olympic Games to create a competitive advantage in order to increase the chance to win cash prizes and the be allowed the honor of wearing the winner’s olive wreath. These early attempts at gaining competitive advantage included gorging on red meat and ingesting herbal medications. This early attempt to tip the competitive balance was not considered cheating.

In the modern era of sports, using performance enhancing substances is considered not only cheating, but in many cases harmful to the athlete’s health.  The 1904 Olympic Marathon runner, Thomas Hicks, used a combination of brandy and strychnine for its stimulant effect and nearly died.

It was not until 1928 that the first ruling against doping, the using of performance enhancing drugs, was instituted.  Since that first rule, there has been a secondary competition between athletes who would like to use performance enhancing drugs and athletic governing boards such as the International Olympic Committee and the US Anti-Doping Agency who wish to detect those substances to ensure fair competition for all athletes.

For those that use performance enhancing substances and those who try to detect the substances, chemistry plays a major role. Understanding how the chemistry is used to enhance performance, how substances react in the body and how chemistry is used to detect the substances is the basis for this website competition.


​Design a website that:

  • Educates the reader on the chemistry involved in the interaction with the body and how they are detected. You must include the history of using doping methods, the most prevalent ones in the United States, and how they are detected. Show which drugs are used most by which sport.
  • Describes and detail the processes and reactions that create the substance and turns them into a competitive advantage. Show the chemical structures of each substance, emphasizing chemistry’s role in its creation and how chemistry is used to detect the substance in the body.
  • Make sure to show the chemical transformations, including chemical formulas, structures, reactions, and reaction conditions (as appropriate) involved with each substance.
  • Include citations for ALL sources of information. Use at least three non-web resources such as academic papers and science books.
  • Make sure the site is attractive and easy-to-use


  • The web site should be developed using current standard HTML coding.
  • No plug-ins should be assumed or required for viewing of the web site.
  • Focus primary efforts on the content of their website -- NOT on distracting "bells & whistles"
  • Please be aware that external links (to other web sites) may be included, however they will not be accessible on the day of the competition since you will be presenting your website off of your CD (i.e. you will not be connected to the Internet). External links that are included (as they should be) will be evaluated by judges during the first phase of judging, prior to the day of your presentation.
  • Only use images that have a "Creative Commons" license.  Use of copyright protected images will be penalized.
  • Webpages may incorporate CCS, jQuery code and /or Javascript.



  • TWO identical labeled CD’s containing their website, (submitted in separate labeled sleeves, NOT jewel cases) labeled with:
    • Name of School
    • Team A or B designation, if applicable
    • Names of Students
    • Name(s) of Coach(es)
    • URL where site can be accessed publicly
  • Double check that your final CD works as a standalone website. Test it on a different computer not connected to the internet before submitting it for evaluation.
  • CD's containing webpage and URL link must be received by the Director of the NJCO by the deadline indicated in the Requirement Overview.

The website on the CD’s and the publicly-accessible website must be identical. No changes of any type are allowed to either between the time of submission and the day of the competition. The judges will examine both the CD website and the URL website in the judging. Approximately two weeks before the day of the competition, all of the URL’s for all competing teams will be made available on the NJCO website. Thus competitors will be able to view each other’s websites.


There will be two phases to the judging. The first phase occurs after receipt of the submitted CD’s and URL’s. The judges will examine the websites and evaluate them as to:

Web Site Design (25% of total score)

  • Site functionality (all pages load, links work, easy-to-navigate) 5%
  • Site appearance (pages are visually appealing) 10%
  • Site originality (uniqueness of style and content) 10%

Chemistry Content / Use of Resources (50% of total score) - Return at a later date to see  more detailed breakdown of scoring criteria.

The second phase of judging occurs on the day of the competition. Each team will make a short 5-minute summary presentation of their website. This presentation will be made using the CD submitted earlier. There will be no live internet access for the presentation - teams should plan their presentations accordingly. The audience will include both the judges and their fellow competitors. After this, there will be a brief question-and-answer period during which time the judges will pose questions about the website content and development.  All team members will be expected to have at least some knowledge of both aspects. The presentation will be evaluated as follows:

Presentation (25% of total score) - Return at a later date to see  more detailed breakdown of scoring criteria.

The publicly-accessible URL and the two CD’s must be received by the deadline - there will be no extensions. The content of the sites must be identical. No changes to either are permitted after submission. The URL must remain active and publicly accessible throughout the time period from the date of submission until the day of the competition. All material on the website must be original or properly cited.  Violation of any of these provisions are grounds for disqualification.